West Indian Ocean coelacanth: The once-‘extinct’ Lazarus fish that may dwell for 100 years

Title: West Indian Ocean coelacanth or African coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae), often called ‘gombessa’ within the Comoros Islands

The place it lives: Off the east coast of Africa

What it eats: A wide range of fish and cephalopods, together with squid and cuttlefish.

The pinnacle of a preserved Coelacanth specimen in Beijing, China. (Picture credit score: Alamy)

Why it is superior: Scientists thought all coelacanths went extinct over 65 million years in the past — till the West Indian Ocean coelacanth was discovered by likelihood residing off the coast of South Africa in 1938 . Coelacanths first appeared over 400 million years in the past, however their fossil file stopped across the identical time because the dinosaurs disappeared. Their surprising reappearance means they’re what is named a Lazarus species.

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