The 18 Penguin Species on Earth! (ID Information)

What are the completely different sorts of Penguins?

It’s simple to see why persons are fascinated with penguins. In addition to their lovely appears, these birds are in contrast to every other on the planet! 

They’re flightless birds that like to swim, they stand upright as an alternative of hunched over, and nearly all of them dwell within the southern hemisphere. 

Preserve studying to study all types of penguins, together with photographs and vary maps!

#1. Magellanic Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 61–76 cm (24–30 in) tall and weigh 2.7 and 6.5 kg (6.0-14.3 lb). 
  • In males, the coloring is black on the again, with a white stomach and two black bands between the top and the breast. Females and younger have the same sample in additional muted grays.
  • These penguins have inflexible, flipper-like wings used to swim underwater.

These are a few of the most recognizable penguins on the planet!

With their daring black and white markings, distinctive payments, and reddish pores and skin across the eyes, you received’t have any hassle recognizing this penguin widespread in South America!

Magellanic Penguins routinely dive to depths of 20-50 m (65-165 ft), the place they discover their prey. These wonderful birds are social species identified to journey in giant teams whereas trying to find meals. They principally feed on squid, krill, cuttlefish, and different crustaceans.

When the breeding season comes, Magellanic Penguins group in giant nesting colonies alongside southern coasts. They lay eggs in heat locations the place the temperature is over 20 °c (68 °f). As is typical with most penguins, the male and the feminine dad and mom take turns leaving the nest to hunt.

#2. Little Penguin

Also referred to as Little Blue Penguins.

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 30-33 cm (12-13 in) tall and weigh about 1.5kg (3.3lb).
  • The top and again are blue, and the underside is white from chin to stomach.
  • Their toes are pink with black soles and webbing.

Little Penguins are the one nocturnal penguin on the planet!

They like to hold on all their actions at night time, together with searching, transferring, and socializing. Then, through the day, they relaxation in teams to guard themselves from predators.

Little Penguins dive as deep as 80 m (263 ft) to discover their most well-liked meals, which incorporates krill, fish, and squid. Nonetheless, they’ll solely keep underwater for 2 minutes. In addition they swim and stroll alongside the shore in teams, an efficient technique to keep away from predators.

Amazingly, Little Penguins have as much as 9 sounds used to speak with their flocks. The sounds embrace sharp barking that says it’s time to hunt and loud yelps, which sign hassle.

#3. African Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 60–70 cm (24–28 in) tall and weigh 2.2–3.5 kg (4.9–7.7 lb).
  • Their coloring is usually black, with a white stomach and stripes on the edges of the face. They’ve black spots on their bellies, that are distinctive to every particular person. 
  • They’ve clean and aerodynamic our bodies with flipper-like wings. 
  • This species is straightforward to identify due to the pink patches of pores and skin above its eyes.

That is the one penguin on the planet that lives in Africa!

The African Penguin lives totally on islands off the southwestern coast. In truth, the islands the place they dwell are sometimes referred to as the Penguin Islands!

This species actively hunts within the open ocean, the place they feed totally on sardines, however because the variety of sardines and anchovies. These birds are hungry! Grownup African Penguins devour as much as 540 grams (1.19lb) of prey day by day.

African Penguins are monogamous and return to the identical place to breed annually. As soon as their eggs are laid, each dad and mom take turns incubating them whereas the opposite hunts.

#4. Gentoo Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 51 to 90 cm (20-35 in) tall and weigh 4.5-8.5 kg (10-19 lbs),
  • This species has a large, white stripe that appears like a bonnet throughout the highest of its head. The beak is vivid reddish-orange.
  • Their toes are webbed, they usually have elongated tails.

This species is without doubt one of the largest penguins on the planet.

Gentoo Penguins have tailored to extraordinarily chilly and harsh climates, and one of many methods they keep heat is with further physique weight. They’re additionally the quickest underwater swimmer of all identified penguin species, with a high velocity of 36 kph (22mph). 

Although they’re one the most important penguins on the planet, Gentoo Penguins are inclined to predators. Sea lions, killer whales, and leopard seals are significantly harmful. They’re a lot safer on land!

Gentoo Penguins have numerous sounds they use to speak of their colonies, however probably the most well-known one is a loud trumpeting emitted because the hen throws its head again.

#5. Galapagos Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  •  Adults are 49–50 cm (19–20 in) tall and weigh 2.5–4.5 kg (5.5–9.9 lb).
  • They’ve a black higher physique and head with a white stripe from behind the eyes to beneath the chin. The stomach is white with a black ring outlined in white.
  • Their beaks are black on the highest and pink on the underside.

These are the ONLY penguins on the planet north of the equator!

As their identify suggests, this species is native to the Galápagos Islands. They hunt in chilly ocean waters by day, counting on the present to deliver meals close to their breeding websites. They return to land to roost at night time.


The Galapagos Penguins are at present an endangered species. Nonetheless, there may be hope for this wonderful species! They’re at present experiencing a child growth, and with conservation efforts underway, we may even see their inhabitants rebound. 

#6. King Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 70-100 cm (28-39 in) tall and weigh 9.3-18 kg (21-40 lb).
  • Its coloring is darkish on the again, wings, and legs, with vivid yellow-orange plumage on the high of its chest and round every eye. The stomach is white.
  • The wings are giant and flipper-like, and the beak is lengthy and straight.

The King Penguin is the second largest penguin on the planet.

Many individuals confuse this species with the most important, the Emporer Penguin, as a result of they seem considerably comparable.

These athletic penguins are spectacular within the water! They will swim at 6.5–10 kph (4–6 mph) and dive to depths of 100 to 300 m (350 to 1000 ft). As well as, they’ll keep underwater for as much as 5 minutes.

Although they’re agile swimmers, King Penguins have to be vigilant as a result of they’re a favourite meals for a lot of sea mammals. Specifically, sea lions will chase these penguins proper onto the seaside!

#7. Humboldt Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 56 to 70 cm (22-28 in) tall and weigh 2.9-6 kg (6.4-13.2 lb).
  • They’ve a black head and a white marking that goes from behind the attention and chin to affix on the throat.
  • The higher elements are black or darkish gray, whereas the abdomens are white, with a black breast-band.

Humboldt Penguins are a few of the most outgoing penguins on the planet!

This species is well-liked in zoos due to its boisterous, excitable nature. They’re typically seen crowding round zookeepers, making an attempt to be first in line for a deal with!

Within the wild, Humboldt Penguins wish to construct their nests on rocky coasts, the place they burrow holes into crevices. Apparently, they typically dwell in concord with Magellanic penguins.

These penguins have glorious eyesight, which is their most important searching device. They will monitor fast-moving colleges of ocean fish like sardines and anchovies, then dive as much as 54 m (177ft) to catch them.

#8. Adelie Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adelie Penguin grows round 28 – 29″ (70 – 73 cm) in peak and may weigh between 8.4 and 18.1lb (3.8 and eight.2 kg.)
  •  The top and neck of the Adelie Penguin have black higher elements with white underparts. The Adelie Penguin has a distinguishing eye ring round a black iris. The beak is roofed with black feathers. 
  • The higher a part of the wings is black, whereas the underside is way lighter or white with a small black tip. The toes are pinkish with no feathers. Females have shorter wings and beaks than males.

Adelie Penguins have a number of claims to fame. Regardless of solely residing in Antarctica, these are the commonest penguins on the planet. And, consider it or not, they’re additionally probably the most widespread!

This species is considered one of solely 4 penguin species that nest in Antarctica. They’ve a ton of fascinating variations that assist them survive the intense chilly! For instance, they’ve a thick layer of fats beneath their pores and skin to insulate them from the chilly. As well as, they dwell in giant communities alongside the coasts, which permits them to pool sources. 

One behavior that helps them survive additionally makes them appear a bit heartless! Earlier than diving into a brand new searching space,  the penguins push considered one of their fellows in after which wait to see if that penguin comes again up. The others comply with so long as it’s secure, getting into the water from the identical spot.

#9. Yellow-eyed Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 62–79 cm (24–31 in) tall and weigh 3–8.5 kg (6.6–18.7 lb).
  • A band of pale yellow feathers covers the eyes and encircles the again of its head. The brow and sides of the top are mild brown, whereas the tail and again are navy blue or black. The stomach, chest, thighs, and underside of the flippers are white.
  • As its identify suggests, this penguin’s eyes are yellow.

The Yellow-eyed Penguin is the rarest penguin on the planet!

The estimated worldwide inhabitants of this species is barely about 4,000 birds. Sadly, they’re inclined to bacterial infections that kill hatchlings and chicks.

In contrast to different species, Yellow-eyed Penguins are very personal and like to nest in seclusion. They’re nearly all the time silent, solely making a shrill name to warn others away from their breeding websites.

#10. Chinstrap Penguin

Also referred to as the Ringed Penguin, Bearded Penguin, and Stone Cracker Penguin.

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 68–76 cm (27-30 in) tall and weigh 3.2–5.3 kg (7.1–11.7 lb)
  • They’re white on the stomach, chin, throat, and face, whereas the again is black.
  • Their brief payments are black, and their toes are pink.

These are probably the most aggressive penguins on the planet!

Chinstrap Penguins are identified for his or her ailing tempers, however it’s simple to see why when you think about their life story.

For one factor, their most important predator, the leopard seal, continually hunts for these penguins, in order that they have to be powerful and cautious!

Moreover, Chinstrap Penguins spend most of their time swimming in freezing water. They’ll swim as much as 50 mi (80 km) offshore day by day in the hunt for small fish, krill, shrimp, and squid to eat. Discuss a tough life!

#11. Southern Rockhopper Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 45–58 cm (18–23 in) tall and weigh 2–3.4 kg (4.4–7.5 lb)
  • Search for their straight, vivid yellow eyebrows ending in yellow plumes over a crimson eye.
  • The higher a part of its physique is stable grey, and the stomach is white.

Southern Rockhoppers are the showiest penguins on the planet.

Simply have a look at that yellow eyebrow and crown of feathers on its head. This species is prepared for a celebration! 🙂

And its appears aren’t the one factor that units the Southern Rockhopper aside. Many penguins keep away from obstacles by sliding on their bellies or climbing utilizing their flippers. Nonetheless, this species jumps throughout cracks and boulders as an alternative.

These adaptable penguins even have complicated searching behaviors. They will journey in teams as much as 57 km (35 mi) away from their colonies. They hunt for between 12 and 15 hours at a time, leaving the colony round daybreak and returning at nightfall.

It shouldn’t be stunning that Rockhopper Penguins are extremely recognizable due to their appears. As well as, their breeding grounds are additionally well-liked vacationer locations!

#12. Fiordland Penguin

Also referred to as the Fiordland Crested Penguin or the New Zealand Crested Penguin.

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults attain 60 cm (24 in) tall and weigh 2-5.95 kg (4.4-13.1 lb).
  • Their coloring is bluish-grey with a darker head and white stomach.
  • They’ve broad yellow “eyebrows” that reach over the eyes and down the neck.

The inhabitants of Fiordland Penguins on the planet is quickly declining.

This species already has a small vary and inhabitants however is now susceptible to extinction. The principle detriment to their numbers is launched species like cats, canines, and rats, which prey on adults and chicks. Sadly, human disturbance, habitat destruction, and air pollution additionally play a job.

Along with these threats, the reproductive habits of Fiordland Penguins don’t assist its declining inhabitants. Though they construct nests in protected and coated areas, their eggs and chicks are nonetheless very susceptible to predators. Two eggs are laid, one greater and one smaller. The smaller egg normally doesn’t hatch efficiently. If it does, the mortality of that chick is way greater. The smaller chick normally dies as a result of it might’t compete for meals with its bigger, more healthy sibling.

#13. Emperor Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are about 100 cm (39 in) tall and weigh 22-45 kg (49-99 lb).
  • They’ve black feathers and plumage on the top and again, white on their bellies, pale-yellow breasts and neck, and vivid yellow ears.
  • Juveniles are grey and fluffy. 

Emperor Penguins are the heaviest penguins on the planet.

And this isn’t the one factor that makes this species distinctive! All the things from its searching type to breeding habits is uncommon. 

Once they hunt, they’ll keep underwater for as much as 20 minutes and dive as deep as 535 m (1,755 ft). Emperor Penguins have specialised blood cells that permit them to perform at low oxygen ranges. They will additionally decelerate their metabolism by shutting down non-essential organs. Lastly, their bones are unusually exhausting and stable to guard them from stress adjustments. 

Emperor Penguins are the one species that breeds throughout Antarctic winters. They journey 50-120 km (30-75 mi) over ice to their breeding colonies, made up of a number of thousand people. 

Males incubate a single egg whereas the females return to the ocean to feed. The male Emperor Penguin wants to face up to the tough Antarctic winter throughout this time with out consuming something. They lose round 12 kg (26 lb) within the course of. After the egg is hatched, each dad and mom take turns foraging at sea for meals and caring for his or her chick within the colony.  

Though Emperor Penguins can stroll with a wobbling gait, they’re higher identified for tobogganing. This lovely (and environment friendly) behavior is once they throw themselves down and slide over the ice on their bellies.

#14. Macaroni Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are about 70 cm (28 in) lengthy and weigh round 5.5 kg (12 lb).
  • Their coloring is black above and on the face with a pointy line that distinguishes the white underparts and stomach.
  • They’ve distinguished yellow or orange crests above the eyes, and their legs and toes are pink. 

The Macaroni Penguin is without doubt one of the six species of crested penguins on the planet. With round 100,000 people every, their colonies are a few of the largest. Regardless of these numbers, there was a decline of their inhabitants, so their present conservation standing is classed as susceptible. 

The weight-reduction plan of the Macaroni Penguin primarily consists of crustaceans like krill, small fish, and cephalopods. They eat extra marine life per 12 months than every other seabird! Sadly, they’ve quite a few predators within the water, together with the leopard seal, orcas, and big petrels. 

#15. Snares Penguin

Also referred to as the Snares Crested Penguin or Snares Islands Penguin. 

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 50-70 cm (19-27 in) lengthy and weigh 2.5-4 kg (5.5 to eight.8 lb). 
  • Their coloring is darkish blue or black on the higher elements of the physique and white beneath.
  • They’ve a vivid yellow crest above the eyes and a brownish-red invoice.

The Snares Penguin is called for its breeding place – the Snares Islands in southern New Zealand. Virtually all of the analysis on this species was carried out right here, however they’ve been noticed in southern Australia, Tasmania, the Chatham Islands, and southern New Zealand. 

Snares Penguins eat krill, small fish, and cephalopods. In addition they have a number of pure predators, together with leopard seals and sea lions. As well as, the eggs and chicks are susceptible to petrels and skuas, native seabirds within the space. 

Like different penguins on the planet, Snares Penguin dad and mom take turns incubating their eggs whereas the opposite mother or father goes out to forage for meals. First, the male takes a visit, then he comes again and lets the feminine go hunt. The eggs are able to hatch because the mom returns, and the dad and mom share the duty of elevating their younger. 

#16. Royal Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 65–76 cm (26–30 in) tall and weigh 3–8 kg (6.6–17.6 lb).
  • They’ve black and darkish grey backs, heads, and wings.
  • Their faces and chins are white, with yellow eyebrows and huge orange beaks.

The Royal Penguin is a social species, in order that they typically cohabitate with different colonies, particularly throughout searching. This helps to eradicate competitors for sources and presents safety from predators. They eat krill, small fish, and squid.

These penguins have an uncommon breeding behavior that specialists can’t clarify. The feminine lays two eggs however nearly all the time abandons the primary egg a day earlier than the second egg arrives, decreasing the probabilities of the primary one hatching. The chosen egg is saved heat by each dad and mom. After hatching, the male takes care of the chicks for 2 to 3 weeks whereas the feminine hunts. If the feminine doesn’t return with meals, the chick normally doesn’t survive.

Royal Penguins are thought of a susceptible species on account of habitat loss, local weather change, and predation. Prior to now, this species was hunted for its oil, which triggered a drop in inhabitants.

#17. Erect-crested Penguin

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults are 50-70 cm (20-28 in) tall and weigh 2.5 – 6 kg lb (5.5-13.2).
  • Their coloring is bluish-black on high with white underparts.
  • A big, vivid yellow stripe on the top extends over the attention to kind a brush-like crest.

Erect-crested Penguins are the least-studied penguins on the planet. Nonetheless, we do know some details about their searching and breeding habits.

For instance, this species generally scrapes krill off the underside of the ice. Though they don’t have enamel, these penguins have a pointy blade-like invoice to assist with the duty. In addition they eat squid and small fish.

Erect-crested Penguins have very particular breeding habits that generally damage their survival probabilities. They nest in rocky terrain, typically on precarious ledges. Sadly, the eggs can roll out of the nest simply. Elevated preventing and low breeding success additionally damage this species’ inhabitants.

As you may anticipate, Erect-crested Penguins are endangered. Their inhabitants has drastically declined over the past 30 years, and their breeding vary is proscribed solely to 2 places.

#18. Moseley’s Rockhopper Penguin

Also referred to as the Northern Rockhopper Penguin or Moseley’s penguin.

Figuring out Traits:

  • Adults develop to 55 cm (21 in) and weigh about 2.4 kg (5.5 lb)
  • Their coloring is black above with white underparts and a messy, bushy yellow crest. 

Moseley’s Rockhopper Penguins are generally discovered on shorelines. They like to make burrows and nests in excessive grasses often known as tussocks.

They eat principally krill, crustaceans, squid, octopus, and fish.

This penguin is classed as an endangered species. Within the final 30 years, its inhabitants has decreased because it suffers from the results of local weather change, overhunting by people, and oil air pollution within the sea.

For extra details about animals, try these guides:

Which is your favourite Penguin on the planet?

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