Lengthy-term frequent utilization of a specific website by lynxes – Zoology by Vadim Sidorovich

Co-author Irina Rotenko

In Naliboki Forest (the central-northern Belarus) in addition to in different habitats in a person lynx residence vary there are rather a lot websites, that are utilized by the person lynx for quite a lot of functions.

Amongst such websites could be distinguished the next their varieties: marking factors; sleeping or typically resting websites; lairs (breeding dens); looking ambuscades; grooming websites; refuges to keep away from blood-sucking bugs and(or) precipitations; playgrounds of kittens; locations, the place mom lynx can nurse kittens safely and go away them alone for some time. Marking factors are essentially the most quite a few websites of lynxes; notably grownup males have lots of of them. Nonetheless, nearly every lynx has not just a few personal websites of the opposite above-listed varieties.

In lots of instances the native habitat situations and website specificity can fulfill essentially the most of lynx necessities equivalent to sleeping and grooming in a dry spot with out a lot disturbance from blood-sucking bugs and(or) precipitations; efficient looking ambuscade; appropriate marking level; related and protected spot to stick with kittens. Such form of websites are normally visited by lynxes moderately typically. In keeping with the gained outcomes (Sidorovich, 2022), spatial construction of the lynx inhabitants in Belarus (in Naliboki Forest notably) is packed; in an grownup male residence vary one to a few mom lynxes with kittens or non-breeding grownup females in addition to subadult lynxes reside constantly. Due to this fact, such multi-functional lynx websites could be visited and used recurrently by totally different people.

Within the beneath video and images you will notice the lynx website, which was traced by us throughout seven years and the place we registered 6 totally different grownup males, 4 moms with kittens (one of many moms used the positioning for 4 years, whereas different mom was registered there for 2 years), and 5 smaller lone lynxes maybe subadults. Throughout these seven years ten days was sufficient to get one lynx go to of this website. Generally, lynxes visited the positioning day by day and even a number of instances (as much as thrice) per twenty-four hours. The frequency of utilization of the positioning by lynxes evidently relied on the species inhabitants density in Naliboki Forest. When there have been 4-6 lynxes per 100 sq. km, one lynx go to of the positioning was documented for 3-5 twenty-four hours on common, whereas after the decline within the lynx native inhabitants as much as 1-3 inds per 100 sq. km one lynx go to of the positioning was registered for 7-11 twenty-four hours on common.

Within the website lynxes had been grooming, resting, generally sleeping; they evidently stayed for an ambush looking; used the positioning as a playground for kittens; mom lynxes nursed kittens or kittens had been consuming one thing that their mom introduced; moms left kittens within the website for some time to go for looking; additionally, lynxes marked the positioning steadily by urine, pores and skin gland secreting, and by scats generally.

The lynx website consists of a line of 5 massive root plates of uprooted huge spruces, that are stretched on the fringe of treefall. On the inner facet of those root plates, it’s dry and no wind normally. Alongside the sting of treefall simply behind of the foundation plates there’s a pathway, by which appropriate prey of lynxes (roe deer, crimson deer (calves), wild boars (piglets), raccoon canine, crimson foxes, mountain hares stroll not sometimes. Furthermore, close by the lynx website on the treefall edge a small current clearcut located.  On this clearcut with early reforestation the above-mentioned potential prey of lynxes feed typically. So, the lynxes that keep within the website at uprooted spruces can relaxation, groom, sleep and use an ambush looking on the identical time. Within the website a number of trunks of fallen bushes located about two metres as excessive. Moreover within the treefall close by the lynx website there are standing bushes.  Due to this fact, kittens staying within the spot can escape on the peak simply, if there’s a hazard.

Within the higher video and images which are given beneath you see some registrations of lynxes within the website.

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