Episode 445: Dinosaurs in Swamps: That includes Prehistoric Planet 2

Episode 445: Dinosaurs in Swamps: That includes Prehistoric Planet 2. Pachycephalosaurus head-butting, Austroraptor fishing, T. rex stalking prey at evening, and extra dinosaur motion within the Cretaceous swamps


The dinosaur of the day: Falcatakely

  • Lived at similar time and place because the animals featured in episode 3 of Prehistoric Planet 2
  • Enantiornithean that lived within the Late Cretaceous in what’s now northern Madagascar (Maevarano Formation)
  • About crow-sized
  • Had a deep, lengthy beak, about 3.5 in (9 cm) lengthy
  • Beak appeared just like a toucan’s
  • As an enantiornithine, in some ways, would have appeared like a contemporary chicken
  • Had a excessive, lengthy face that appeared like a contemporary chicken
  • However had tooth within the premaxilla
  • Described by Patrick O’Connor and others in 2020
  • Discovered a virtually full, nicely preserved cranium in 2010
  • CT scanned the cranium in 2017
  • Cranium is small, at about 3 in (8 cm) lengthy
  • Elements of the fossil are paper skinny
  • Maxilla is lower than 1 mm thick
  • Had a slim preorbital area (in entrance of the attention socket)
  • Sort and solely species is Falcatakely forsterae
  • Genus identify means “small scythe”, and refers back to the form of the beak
  • Species identify is in honor of Catherine Forster’s “contributions to work on Madagascan paravians”
  • Surprising that it appeared superficially like a toucan
  • Instance of convergent evolution (Falcatakely advanced the toucan-like beak tens of tens of millions of years earlier than toucans and different fashionable birds, and so they’re fairly distantly associated)
  • Discovered a fancy collection of grooves on the bone that confirmed it had a big beak
  • Had a beak form like a contemporary chicken, with a excessive, lengthy higher invoice
  • Nevertheless, the face had related bones as Velociraptor and different non-avian dinosaurs
  • Like non-avian dinosaurs, had a bone beneath its beak and a big higher jawbone (a big maxilla and small premaxilla), in contrast to fashionable birds the place there is only one bone beneath the beak (the premaxilla)
  • Most likely used its beak for lots of functions, together with shifting objects, grooming, and feeding
  • Lived in a swampy floodplain that had moist and dry seasons

Enjoyable Truth:

T. rex had the biggest eyes of any dinosaur. However a number of fashionable animals have bigger eyes than even the biggest T. rex.

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