Completely satisfied ninetieth Birthday to Scottish Celebrity Sean Connery

20 years in the past, NASA efficiently launched the Spitzer House Telescope. Spitzer was the third infrared area telescope, however the first to make use of an Earth-trailing orbit (extra on that beneath). The telescope bucked the custom of being named after well-known and lifeless astronomers and was as a substitute named after the residing Lyman Spitzer, an worker on the RAND Company who first advocated area telescopes within the Nineteen Forties. READ extra about what it found… (2003)

The Cepheus C & B Areas – Spitzer House Telescope, NASA

Since they see a type of mild related to the quantity of warmth generated by an object, infrared telescopes must be exceptionally cool with a purpose to work. Till Spitzer, and later with the James Webb House Telescope, infrared observatories needed to be despatched into area with a hard and fast provide of liquid helium that may enable them to chill the telescope from the warmth emanating off Earth.

Putting the satellite tv for pc in photo voltaic orbit removed from Earth allowed progressive passive cooling. The solar protect protected the remainder of the spacecraft from the Solar’s warmth, the far aspect of the spacecraft was painted black to boost passive radiation of warmth, and the spacecraft bus was thermally remoted from the telescope. All of those design decisions mixed to drastically cut back the overall mass of helium wanted.

Not like James Webb’s aim of trying into the oldest components of the universe, Spitzer was specializing in the youngest. In 2004, it was believed that Spitzer discovered the youngest star ever noticed. In 2005, Spitzer grew to become one of many first telescopes to instantly seize mild from exoplanets, particularly the “sizzling Jupiters” HD 209458 b and TrES-1b, one thing that had by no means been completed earlier than.

In 2009, it found a further ring of Saturn, generally known as the Phoebe Ring.

MORE Good Information on this Day:

  • A whole lot of French colonists arrived in Louisiana and settled in New Orleans (1718)
  • Galileo Galilei demonstrated his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers (1609)
  • Uruguay declared independence from Brazil (1825); Belgium revolted from the Netherlands (1830)
  • The Nationwide Park Service was created within the U.S.—and with so many nationwide parks at the moment, you possibly can probably have fun by discovering a park close to you (1916)
  • Bruce Springsteen’s Born to Run was launched (1975)
  • Linus Torvalds first revealed he was creating a brand new free working system, Linux (1991)
  • Belarus declared independence from the Soviet Union (1991)
  • NASA’s Voyager 1 area probe entered interstellar area, turning into the primary artifical object to go away the photo voltaic system (2012)

Completely satisfied 72nd birthday to the Metallic God, Rob Halford. Undoubtedly one of the vital iconic voices in rock music, the English singer-songwriter has fronted Judas Priest for almost 50 years, throughout greater than 25 albums. Allmusic mentioned of Halford, “there have been few vocalists within the historical past of heavy steel whose singing model has been as influential and immediately recognizable… capable of effortlessly alternate between a throaty growl and an ear-splitting falsetto.”

Rob Halford Judas Priest CC 4.0. Aaron Rubin

In 1998, Halford publicly revealed his homosexuality on MTV. On the time, he mentioned he was involved that he would lose his fanbase in consequence. Nevertheless he has repeatedly defined that the steel neighborhood didn’t appear to care in any respect.

Halford explains his sexuality by evaluating himself together with his singing inspiration Freddie Mercury. “if Freddie hadn’t have been homosexual, Queen would’ve been a very totally different band,” Halford has mentioned. “However that’s a very essential a part of my life that I’ve to get down on paper sooner or later.”

Actually astute steel followers would have seen clues. The fixed carrying of leather-based sailor caps, tight leather-based pants, and a leather-based biker vest with nothing on beneath it, blended with suggestive lyrics had keyed most followers in by the point the announcement was made. (1951)

137 years in the past, the primary Worldwide Polo Cup match between the US and England was performed. Additionally referred to as the Newport Cup and the Westchester Cup, the polo trophy was created in 1876 with a single sport and a decade later grew to become a event that includes one of the best of three video games. England received the Cup the primary three years and the Individuals received the fourth.

A complete of 12 Cup matches have been carried out between 1886 and 1939 between the 2 nations, earlier than being suspended throughout World Warfare II. The latest match was held in 2013 at Guards Polo Membership in Windsor. (1886)

84 years in the past at the moment, The Wizard of Oz was launched in film theaters.


Owing to its good use of Technicolor (being smacked within the face with saturated colours after the door opens in black and white); the fantasy storytelling, with munchkins and flying monkeys; the timeless songs, equivalent to Over The Rainbow, sung by memorable characters, it grew to become probably the most watched movie in movement image historical past.

The movie’s easy premise of self-discovery—fantastically portrayed by Judy Garland as Dorothy, and her cohorts Scarecrow, the Lion, and the Tin Man—is summed up by two iconic quotes from the movie: “If I ever go on the lookout for my coronary heart’s need once more, I received’t look any additional than my very own yard,” and “There’s no place like house.”

Though important critiques have been stellar, The Wizard of Oz didn’t turn out to be a well-liked movie till 20 years later when CBS started exhibiting it on tv each December and households needed to wait all yr, simply to see it once more. (1939)

Additionally, 93 years in the past at the moment, the Scottish famous person Sean Connery was born. He portrayed the sleek and savvy spy in seven James Bond movies, and earned an Academy Award for Finest Supporting Actor for his function within the 1987 gangster movie The Untouchables.

1971 photograph by Rob Mieremet; 2008 photograph by Stuart Crawford – CC licenses

The three-time Golden Globe winner who died final yr additionally performed outstanding roles within the movies The Hunt for Purple October, The Identify of the Rose, Highlander, The Rock (in regards to the Alcatraz island jail, co-starring Nic Cage) and Indiana Jones and the Final Campaign.

His distinctive silky voice with its Edinburgh accent has been a favourite of impressionists worldwide. Yet another time, WATCH one of the best clips from his High 10 Movies… (1930–2020)


Additionally born on today, in 1918, Leonard Bernstein, the pianist and composer of West Aspect Story. Although his working-class father objected to his musical aspirations, the household acquired a cousin’s undesirable piano, and ‘Lenny’ was capable of pursue his ardour. A notably younger conductor on the age of 25 with the New York Philharmonic, he grew to become a towering determine of Twentieth-century music. Additionally the composer of ‘Candide’ and ‘On the City’, the winner of 16 Grammys and 10 Emmys nurtured a love for classical music in American youth together with his televised lectures and Younger Folks’s Live shows. WATCH a tribute to his a hundredth anniversary… (d.1990)


On today in 1944, Paris was liberated from the Nazis after a six-day city-wide revolt by the French resistance, culminating within the arrival of U.S. and Free French troops. After 4 years of Nazi rule, the occupying Germans surrendered, the tricolour was hoisted from the Eiffel Tower, and Charles de Gaulle made his triumphant entry into the capital. As many as 1,000 native resistance fighters misplaced their lives within the courageous marketing campaign.

Parisians line the Champs Élysées as French Forces lead a parade from the Arc de Triomphe the next day in 1944

It was 80 days after the Allied forces landed on French seashores in Normandy on D-Day. The liberation of Paris started with a city-wide common strike, as police, transportation, and postal employees stop working. The subsequent day the French Resistance staged an rebellion towards the native German garrison upon the method of the US Third Military, led by Basic George Patton. On the evening of 24 August, components of Basic Philippe Leclerc’s 2nd French Armored Division made their means into Paris and arrived on the Hôtel de Ville shortly earlier than midnight. The subsequent morning, the majority of the 2nd Armored Division and US 4th Infantry Division entered the town and the German leaders surrendered. WATCH a newsreel report from the day…

Different Notable Birthdays: Elvis Costello, 68; and Tim Burton, 64

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